Linked Science Core Vocabulary Specification

26 May 2011

This version:
http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns-20110526
Latest version:
http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns
Revision:
Revision: 0.9
Authors:
Alkyoni Baglatzi (Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Muenster, Germany)
Tomi Kauppinen (Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Muenster, Germany)
Contributors:
See acknowledgements.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. This copyright applies to the Linked Science Core Vocabulary and accompanying documentation.

Valid XHTML + RDFa Linked Science Vocabulary Specification relies on W3C's RDF technology, an open Web standard that can be freely used by anyone.

This visual layout and structure of the specification was adapted from the Open Provenance Model Vocabulary edited by Jun Zhao, SIOC Core Ontology Specification edited by Uldis Bojars and John G. Breslin and the Provenance Vocabulary Core Ontology Specification edited by Olaf Hartig and Jun Zhao.


Abstract

LSC, the Linked Science Core Vocabulary, is a lightweight vocabulary providing terms to enable publishers and researchers to relate things in science to time, space, datasets and themes of publications, research, findings and ingredients of findings. The Linked Science Core Vocabulary is based on practical requirements set by providing descriptions as Linked Data.

This documents specifies the classes and properties introduced by the Linked Science Core Vocabulary.


Status of this document

NOTE: This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document.

This specification is an evolving document. This document may be updated or added to based on implementation experience, but no commitment is made by the authors regarding future updates. This document is generated by combining a machine-readable Linked Science Core Vocabulary Namespace expressed in RDF/XML with a specification template and a set of per-term documents.

Table of contents


1. Introduction

The Linked Science Core Vocabulary is defined as a set of classes and properties.

You may browse the also using Sindice Inspector as a graph or as a list.

The XML Namespace URI that should be used by implementations of this specification is:

The prefix the Linked Science Core vocabulary is "lsc":

2. The Linked Science Core Vocabulary at a glance

An alphabetical index of terms from the Linked Science Core Vocabulary, by class and by property, are given below. All the terms are hyperlinked to their detailed description for quick reference.

Classes: | Publication | Research | Researcher | Method | Hypothesis | Prediction | Conclusion | Data |

Properties: | isAboutTime | isAboutRegion | reportedIn | reports | isSupportedBy | dataProduced | dataUsed | timeAccepted | timeRevised | timeSubmitted | participatesIn | makes | tests | confirms | falsifies | produces | methodUsed |

3. Descriptions about LSC

The Core LSC definitions presented here are written using a computer language (RDF/OWL) that makes it easy for software to process some basic facts about the terms in the Linked Science Core Vocabulary, and consequently about the things described using LSC.

3.1. Evolution and extension of LSC

The Linked Science Core Vocabulary is identified by the namespace URI "http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#".

Revisions and extensions of LSC are conducted through edits to the namespace document, which by convention is published on the Web at the namespace URI.

The properties and types defined here provide some basic concepts for describing information relevant about research. Other vocabularies (e.g. AIISO - Academic Institution Internal Structure Ontology, BIBO - The Bibliographic Ontology, W3C Ontology for Media Resources, the Time Ontology in OWL, the Open Provenance Model Vocabulary, Semantic Publishing and Referencing Ontologies (SPAR), SWAN Ontology etc.) can also be mixed in with LSC terms. LSC is designed to be extended.

3.2. Example use of LSC

Please check an example of how LSC could be used to describe a research setting:

4. Cross-reference for core LSC classes and properties

Classes:

Class: Publication

Any kind of publication eg. scientific paper, book, journal publication.

identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#Publication

[back to overview]


Class: Research

Any kind of research.

identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#Research

[back to overview]


Class: Researcher

A researcher that conducts research.

identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#Researcher

[back to overview]


Class: Method

A method used in a scientific research.

identifier:http://linkedscience.org/teach/ns#Method

[back to overview]


Class: Hypothesis

Any kind of hypothesis.

identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#Hypothesis

[back to overview]


Class: Prediction

Prediction made by a hypothesis.

identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#Prediction

[back to overview]


Class: Conclusion

Conclusion is made by research.

identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#Conclusion

[back to overview]


Class: Data

Any kind of data.

identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#Data

[back to overview]


Properties:

Property: reportedIn

Abstract property to relate a research to the publications it is reported in.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#reportedIn
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: lsc:Publication

[back to overview]


Property: isAboutTime

Abstract property to relate a research to the time period it refers.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#isAboutTime
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: owl:Time

[back to overview]


Property: isAboutRegion

Abstract property to define the region a research refers to.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#isAboutRegion
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Sub-property of: dct:coverage
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: tisc:Region

[back to overview]


Property: reports

Abstract property to report the research of a publication.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#reports
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Publication
Range: lsc:Research

[back to overview]


Property: isSupportedBy

Abstract property to express the relation between the hypothesis and the evidence of a research.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#isSupportedBy
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Hypothesis
Range: lsc:Research

[back to overview]


Property: dataProduced

Describes the relation between a research and the data produced in it.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#dataProduced
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: lsc:Data

[back to overview]


Property: dataUsed

Describes the relation between a research and the data used to conduct it.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#dataUsed
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: lsc:Data

[back to overview]


Property: timeAccepted

Abstract property to relate a publication to the time it was accepted.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#timeAccepted
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Publication
Range: owl:Time

[back to overview]


Property: timeRevised

Abstract property to relate a publication to the time it was revised.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#timeRevised
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Publication
Range: owl:Time

[back to overview]


Property: timeSubmitted

Abstract property to relate a publication to the time it was submitted.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#timeSubmitted
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Publication
Range: owl:Time

[back to overview]


Property: participatesIn

A researcher participates in some research.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#participatesIn
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Researcher
Range: lsc:Research

[back to overview]


Property: makes

A hypothesis makes a prediction.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#makes
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Hypothesis
Range: lsc:Prediction

[back to overview]


Property: tests

A research tests a hypothesis.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#tests
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: lsc:Hypothesis

[back to overview]


Property: falsifies

A research falsifies a hypothesis.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#falsifies
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: lsc:Hypothesis

[back to overview]


Property: confirms

A research confirms a hypothesis.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#confirms
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: lsc:Hypothesis

[back to overview]


Property: produces

A research produces a conclusion.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#produces
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: lsc:Conclusion

[back to overview]


Property: methodUsed

A method used in a research.

Identifier:http://linkedscience.org/lsc/ns#methodUsed
OWL Type:ObjectProperty
Domain: lsc:Research
Range: lsc:Method

[back to overview]



5. Acknowledgement

6. References

7. Change log