1st International Workshop on Linked Science 2011 (LISC2011)

When: October 24th, 2011
Where: Bonn, Germany
Collocated with the 10th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC2011) (see ISWC Workshops).

Submission System:
Submission Deadline Extended: Abstracts by Aug 15, 2011 and full papers by Aug 19, 2011
Notification Due: Sep 9, 2011 (extended)
Final Version Due: Sep 16, 2011

Workshop URI:


Scientific efforts are traditionally published only as articles, with an estimate of millions of publications worldwide per year; the growth rate of PubMed alone is now 1 papers per minute. The validation of scientific results requires reproducible methods, which can only be achieved if the same data, processes, and algorithms as those used in the original experiments were available. However, the problem is that although publications, methods and datasets are very related, they are not always openly accessible and interlinked.  Even where data is discoverable, accessible and assessable, significant challenges remain in the reuse of the data, in particular facilitating the necessary correlation, integration and synthesis of data across levels of theory, techniques and disciplines. In the LISC 2011 (1st International Workshop on Linked Science) we will discuss and present results of new ways of publishing, sharing, linking, and analyzing such scientific resources motivated by driving scientific requirements, as well as reasoning over the data to discover interesting new links  and scientific insights.

Making entities identifiable and referenceable using URIs augmented by semantic, scientifically relevant annotations greatly facilitates access and retrieval for data which used to be hardly accessible. This Linked Science approach, i.e., publishing, sharing and interlinking scientific resources and data, is of particular importance for scientific research, where sharing is crucial for facilitating reproducibility and collaboration within and across disciplines. This integrated process, however, has not been established yet. Bibliographic contents are still regarded as the main scientific product, and associated data, models and software are either not published at all, or published in separate places, often with no reference to the respective paper.

In the workshop we will discuss whether and how new emerging technologies (Linked Data, and semantic technologies more generally) can realize the vision of Linked Science. We see that this depends on their enabling capability throughout the research process, leading up to extended publications and data sharing environments. Our workshop aims to address challenges related to enabling the easy creation of data bundles – data, processes, tools, provenance and annotation – supporting both publication and reuse of the data. Secondly,  we look for tools and methods for the easy correlation, integration and synthesis of shared data. This problem is often found in many disciplines (including astronomy, biology, geosciences, cultural heritage, earth, climate, environmental and ecological sciences and impacts etc.), as they need to span techniques, levels of theory, scales, and disciplines. With the advent of Linked Science, it is timely and crucial to address these identified research challenges through both practical and formal approaches.


We invite two kinds of submissions:

  • Research papers. These should not exceed 12 pages in length.
  • Position papers. Novel ideas, experiments, and application visions from multiple disciplines and viewpoints are a key ingredient of the workshop. We therefore strongly encourage the submission of position papers. Position papers  should not exceed 5 pages in length.

Submissions should be formatted according to the Lecture Notes in Computer

Science guidelines for proceedings available at Papers should be submitted in PDF format. All submissions will be done electronically via the LISC2011 web submission system.

At least one author of each accepted paper must register for the workshop. All workshop participants have to register for the main conference, ISWC2011, as well.


In both categories, papers are expected in (but not restricted to) the following topics:

  • Key research life cycle challenges in enabling linked science and proposed solution strategies
  • Interrelationship of existing traditional solutions and new linked science solutions
  • Formal representations of scientific data
  • Ontologies for scientific information
  • Reasoning mechanisms for linking scientific datasets
  • Integration of quantitative and qualitative scientific information
  • Ontology-based visualization of scientific data
  • Semantic similarity in science applications
  • Semantic integration of crowd sourced scientific data
  • Connecting scientific publications with underlying research datasets
  • Provenance, quality, privacy and trust of scientific information
  • Enrichment of scientific data through linking and data integration
  • Semantic driven data integration
  • Support for data publishing for sharing and reuse
  • Case studies on linked science, i.e., astronomy, biology, environmental and socio-economic impacts of global warming, statistics, environmental monitoring, cultural heritage, etc.
  • Barriers to the acceptance of linked science solutions and strategies to address these
  • Linked Data for dissemination and archiving of research results, for collaboration and research networks, and for research assessment
  • Applications for research that build on top of Linked Data
  • Legal, ethical and economic aspects of Linked Data in science


Long presentations are 30 minutes including questions.
Short presentations are 15 minutes including questions.

9AM – 9:45 AM Session 1: Opening

  • Opening Remarks. 15’
  • Invited Talk: Damian Gessler  30’ “Semantic Web for Science: Lessons of the iPlant Collaborative and SSWAP”

9:45 – 10:30 AM Session 2: Applications—-Successes and Challenges

  • Linked Data for Network Science. Paul Groth and Yolanda Gil.  (30’ – 12 pages)
  • Linking the Outcomes of Scientific Research: Requirements from the Perspective of Geosciences . Stephan Mäs, Matthias Müller, Christin Henzen and Lars Bernard. (15’ – 6 pages) 

10:30 AMCoffee break

11 AM – 11:45 AM Session 3: Semantic Integration

  • Interactively Mapping Data Sources into the Semantic Web. Craig A. Knoblock, Pedro Szekely, Jose Luis Ambite, Shubham Gupta, Aman Goel, Maria Muslea, Kristina Lerman and Parag Mallick. (30’ – 12 pages)
  • Similarity between semantic description sets: addressing needs beyond data integration. Todd Vision, Hilmar Lapp, Paula Mabee, Monte Westerfield and Judith Blake. (15’ – 4 pages)

11:45 – 12:30 PM Session 4: Collaborations and languages

  • Supporting Scientific Collaboration Through Class-Based Object Versioning.  Johnson Mwebaze. (30’ – 12 pages)
  • Glottolog/Langdoc: Defining dialects, languages, and language families as collections of resources. Sebastian Nordhoff and Harald Hammarström. (15’ – 6 pages)

12:30 -2 PM Lunch

2 PM – 2:30 PM Session 5: Sources

  • The knowledge-driven exploration of integrated biomedical knowledge sources facilitates the generation of new hypotheses.  Vinh Nguyen, Olivier Bodenreider, Todd Mining and Amit Sheth. (15’ – 5 pages)
  • Where did you hear that? Information and the Sources They Come From?   Jim Mccusker, Timothy Lebo, Li Ding, Cynthia Chang, Paulo Pinheiro Da Silva and Deborah L. Mcguinness. (15’ – 5 pages)

2:30 – 3 PM  Discussion about topics for break-out groups; group organization

3 – 4 PM Break-out sessions (

   Break group 1: A clear value proposition for Linked Science

  • Collaboration issues (as peers)
  • “What’s in it for me, the scientist?”
  • Overcome social inertia for sharing the data
  • Changing the behaviour or culture and providing incentives to share data

   Break group 2: Data quality: reproducibility, provenance   trusts, and up-to-date recency

  • Scientific method in Linked Science
  • How to be explicit about licences?

   Break group 3: Capturing semantics in Linked Data

  • Aggregation issues across multiple scales
  • Doing the linking is part of the research
  • Extracting structured data from traditional publications

4 PM Coffee break 

4:30 PM  Results of the break-out sessions


The Workshop Proceedings have been published as CEUR Workshop Proceedings: Tomi Kauppinen, Line C. Pouchard, Carsten Keßler (Eds.): Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Linked Science 2011, Bonn, Germany, October 24, 2011.

CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Volume 783, available at


  • Paper Submission Deadline Extended: Abstracts by Aug 15, 2011 and full papers by Aug 19, 2011
  • Notification (Extended) of acceptance or rejection: September 9
  • Camera ready version due: September 16


Tomi Kauppinen is a postdoctoral researcher in the Semantic Interoperability Lab (MUSIL) at the Institute for Geoinformatics at the University of Münster, and holds a PhD from Aalto University with a thesis on reasoning about changes and time. He has been organizer and leader of many international scientific events, and a guest editor of SWJ Special Issue on Semantics for Geochange. His research interests include semantic and spatiotemporal modeling, with applications for creating and using Linked Data. His current projects include opening and linking of scientific and educational data in the Linked Open Data University of Münster (LODUM) and in the International Research Training Group (IRTG) on Semantic Integration of Geospatial Information.

Line C. Pouchard is an Information Scientist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory whose research interests have focused on the design, integration, and implementation of data and metadata standards and frameworks for scientific applications of interest to the Department of Energy and Defense. The integration of observational and simulation data is a current thrust of her research. These interests have been applied to the topics of climate and earth sciences, fusion simulations, medical modeling, and homeland security.  She is an active participant to several leading ORNL efforts contributing to other agencies, currently including the NASA-sponsored ORNL Distributed Active Archive Center for Biogeochemical Dynamics.  She is currently co-lead of the DataONE Integration and Semantics Working-Group.  The NSF-sponsored  DataONE (Data Observation Network for Earth) is developing infrastructure, strategies, and practices for decade-long sustainable data management, publication, archive, and curation services for the digital data supporting scientific research.

Carsten Keßler is a post-doc researcher at Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Münster, Germany, where he has been working in the Semantic Interoperability Lab (MUSIL) for several years. Carsten has done research on context-awareness on the Semantic Web during his PhD studies and has co- organized several workshops and conferences. He is currently coordinating the Linked Open Data University of Münster (LODUM) project and guest editor for a special issue on Linked Data for Science and Education in the Semantic Web Journal. His current research focuses on embedding geographic information in the Linked Data cloud.



Mathieu d’Aquin is a research fellow at the Knowledge Media institute (KMi) of the Open University in Milton Keynes, UK. His research activities focus on the Semantic Web, and especially on methods and tools to build intelligent applications relying on formalised knowledge distributed online. Recently, Mathieu has been involved in the realisation of applications producing and consuming linked data for education and research (see and the LUCERO project for example). He has been in the organising committee of several workshops (including the IWOD series of workshops on ontology dynamics and the LinkedLearning workshop at ESWC15) and guest editor for several special issues of international journals. Mathieu was the track chair for the Ontology Track of ESWC 2011 and is in the Senior Programme committee of ISWC 2010. He has also recently been named as one of “AI’s 10 to Watch” by the prestigious magazine IEEE Intelligent systems.

Frank van Harmelen is a full professor in Knowledge Representation and Reasoning at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, with a PhD in AI from the University of Edinburgh. He is one of the designers of OWL, the W3C standard Web Ontology Language. He is scientific advisor of Aduna, one of the earliest companies in the Semantic Web arena, and developers of the Sesame RDF storage and retrieval engine. One of his five books is the first text book on Semantic Web technology (now deployed in university courses across the world, with translations in Japanese, Chinese and Korean). He was the 2002 Programme Chair of the European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, the General Chair of the 2004 International Semantic Web Conference, and Chair of the Semantic Web track of the 2005 World Wide Web conference. He is currently scientific director of the LarKC project, aiming to build the Large Knowledge Collider, and infrastructure for very large scale web-based reasoning.

Kerstin Kleese-Van Dam is an Associate Division Director in the Computational Science and Mathematics Division and Leader of the Scientific Data Management Group at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, involved in a range of data management research projects in domains reaching from new technologies for scientific experiments in extreme scale data to semantic and data management components for the DOE BioKnowledgebase, integrated Regional Earth Systems Modeling (iRESM), Real Time analysis for Chemical Imaging, the PowerGrid and Particle Physics (BELLE II).

Eric G. Stephan works for the U.S. Department of Energy Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington and has been actively engaged in advancing scientific database, geospatial, metadata, and provenance capabilities to support experimental and computational scientists and production systems.Research interests include data intensive computing, semantic web, and constructing analytical pipelines to harmonize and explore heterogeneous data/knowledge resources.

Jun Zhao is an EPSRC Postdoctoral Fellow at the Life Science Interface in the University of Oxford. Her current research interests are provenance, trust of data, Semantic Web applications for integrating biological data resources, and provenance-based information quality assessment. She has been the provenance lead in the UK project and the EU Wf4Ever project. She has been leading organizer and invited speaker of many national and international workshops.



  • Sören Auer, University of Leipzig, Germany
  • V. Balaji, Princeton University and NOAA/GFDL, USA
  • Luis Bermudez, Open Geospatial Consortium, USA
  • Benno Blumenthal, Columbia University, USA
  • Chris Bizer, Free University of Berlin, Germany
  • Tim Clark, Harvard University, USA
  • Philippe Cudre-Mauroux, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Anusuriya Devaraju, University of Münster, Germany
  • Stefan Dietze, L3S Research Center, Germany
  • Kai Eckert, Mannheim University Library, Germany
  • Peter Fox, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA
  • Auroop Ganguly, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA
  • Damian Gessler, U. of Arizona, USA
  • Paul Groth, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • John Harney, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
  • Laura Hollink, TU Delft, The Netherlands
  • Maria Indrawan, Monash University, Australia
  • Antoine Isaac, Europeana, The Netherlands
  • Krzysztof Janowicz, Pennsylvania State University, USA
  • Matt Jones, UC Santa-Barbara, USA
  • Werner Kuhn, University of Münster, Germany
  • Chris Lynnes, NASA, USA
  • Deborah L. McGuinness, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA
  • Jim Myers, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA
  • Jens Ortmann, University of Münster, Germany
  • Paulo Pinheiro da Silva, University of Texas El Paso, USA
  • Martin Raubal, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
  • Simon Scheider, University of Münster, Germany
  • Mark Schildhauer, UC Santa-Barbara, USA
  • Christoph Stasch, University of Münster, Germany
  • Anita de Waard, Elsevier Labs

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