Efficient and timely crisis management can help to reduce sufferings in aftermaths of crisises such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floodings or storms.
Humanitarian logistics is a crucial part of essential operations in crisis management, and it has been defined as “The process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient, cost-effective flow and storage of goods and materials as well as related information, from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the purpose of meeting the end beneficiary’s requirements.” (Anisya Thomas and Mitsuko Mizushima, Forced Migration Review, no 22, Jan. 2005).
To analyze the complexity of systems such as humanitarian logistics in crisis management, we are collecting and linking data about the Haiti earthquake and publishing the resulting data in a Linked Science fashion. The resulting Linked Haiti data is a set of of human observations categorized using different concepts of the Management of a Crisis vocabulary (MOAC). If you are interested in collaboration to further interconnect it to other data, and to use it in operations research settings, please contact us at tomi.kauppinen (at) uni-muenster.de.
Check also the following recent publication about he project:
- Jens Ortmann, Minu Limbu, Dong Wang and Tomi Kauppinen. Crowdsourcing Linked Open Data for Disaster Management. In proceedings of Terra Cognita, The 10th International Semantic Web Conference, October, 2011.
Moreover, a Demonstration of analyzing the complex system of crisis management in Haiti is available online. Using it a user can for example see the food distibution points and food shortages on a map at the same time. Moreover, temporal and spatial characteristics of the human observations can be constrained, and thus used to localize the results of the analysis more precisely. The data used by the demonstration is available as Linked Data. Example resource:
Furthermore, a description about disaster management platform explains the project in more detail.