The following publication will be published in the The Executable Paper Grand Challenge at ICCS 2011 to explain ideas about Linked Open Science:
Tomi Kauppinen and Giovana Mira de Espindola. Linked Open Science—-Communicating, Sharing and Evaluating Data, Methods and Results for Executable Papers. The Executable Paper Grand Challenge, in proceedings of The International Conference on Computational Science (ICCS 2011). Elsevier Procedia Computer Science series, Singapore, June, 2011.
In short, the paper proposes an approach to solve challenges of an executable paper. It is a combination of four “silver bullets”: 1) publication of scientific data, metadata, results, and provenance information using Linked Data principles, 2) an open source environment for executing, validating and exploring research, 3) Cloud Computing for efficient and distributed computing, and 4) Creative Commons for the legal infrastructure.